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Cancer ( oncology ) surgery and allied sciences

What is Cancer ?

Cancer  is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnoses and treatment of cancer. The practice of performing oncology requires many years of experience, be it any area. There are three major areas in the field of oncology, including: 

  • Medical Oncology 
  • Surgical Oncology
  • Radiation Oncology

These fields work in cohesive manner depending upon patient disease to give optimal results to the patients., medical oncology uses medication, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy to cure the disease. Surgical oncology treats cancer through surgically removing the tumor and radiation oncology uses the radiation to curb cancer cells. 

What is cancer and how does it arise? 

The uncontrollable growth of abnormal cells in a human body is typically a cancer. Changes to genes is the cause of cancer. The old cells grow and form abnormal cells, this happens when our body’s normal control function stops responding. Gradually these abnormal cells form a cluster of tissue, which is known as a tumor. 

How many types of cancer are there?

There are numerous types of cancer, perhaps more than 100 different forms of it has been witnessed till now. Below are some of the most common ones: 

  • Organ and gland cancer/ carcinomas (example Liver , pancreas , lung , oral cavity , stomach , small intestine and colon cancers , peritoneal cancer disease , breast cancers etc)
  • Blood Cancer/ Leukemia 
  • Bone & muscle Cancer/ sarcoma / lymphoma / melanoma
  • What treatments are available for cancer? 

Many treatments for cancer are available which depend on a number of factors,  such as, the type of cancer, stage , age and performance status of the patient , genetics of cancer along with  financial and personal choice of the patient and family. Considering all these factors, entire cancer board ( oncology board ) decides upon the best treatment action available for the patient. For further details and queries, please consult our team of the best surgeons and cancer specialists at Surgeons House Limited (SHL) available at different locations in Delhi, Noida, Gurugram, India, and global locations. Please click this link to contact us.

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