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Head and Neck Surgery in Delhi

What is Head and Neck Surgery?

Head and Neck Surgery is often done to treat various problems in the head and neck. Conditions can include thyroid problems, sinus disorders and head and neck cancers. The surgeon of the head and neck is called an otolaryngologist. The area of otolaryngologists includes diagnosing and treatment of various head and neck problems.

Who treats Head and Neck Surgery? 

Head and neck surgeons are often named otolaryngologists. Otolaryngology is one surgical specialty covering the treatment of many disorders that affect the head and neck and diagnosis.

Head and neck surgery is a treatment to treat different types of head and neck cancers. Different head and neck cancers affect the salivary glands, tonsils, throat, larynx, lips, nasal cavity, and sinuses.

Other conditions that otolaryngologists perform to treat head and neck surgery includes:

  • Pinched nerves
  • Motion sickness and intense dizziness
  • Pressure on the spinal cord
  • Upper spinal problems
  • Head and neck injuries
  • Pain in sinus
  • Chronic ear infections
  • Sleep Apnea and snoring
  • Tonsil issues
  • Thyroid Conditions
  • Jaw issues

Who needs Head and Neck Surgery?

Head and Neck Surgery may include the surgery of different types of head cancers.

Here are the following conditions that can be treated by head and neck surgery

  • Nasal pit, sinuses, salivary organs, throat, lips, tonsils and larynx.
  • Squeezed nerves and extraordinary discombobulating and movement affliction.
  • Tension on a spinal string or Upper spinal issues.
  • Head and neck wounds and Sinus torment.
  • Constant ear contamination.
  • Tonsil or Jaw issues.
  • Thyroid conditions.

If the patient is suffering from any of the above conditions, you definitely need head and neck surgery.

The recovery of the patient depends upon the quality of surgery. Most patients are likely to need medical assistance even after getting discharged from the hospital.

Why Do You Need Head and Neck Surgery?

Head and neck surgery treats disorders or a variety of problems on the head and neck. The condition might be sinus disorder, thyroid problems, or head and neck cancers.

If you want to remove tumors and have cancerous tissues or have cancer in the head or neck, you will require head and neck surgery. To gain a natural appearance after some cancer surgeries, reconstructive surgery is an important treatment.

Types of Head and Neck Surgery 

During head and neck surgery, the surgeon’s goal is to remove the surrounding healthy tissue or cancerous tumor during an operation.

Types of head and neck surgery to treat head and neck cancer include:

Laser Technology: If the tumor is found in the larynx, then laser technology is used to treat the early stage of the tumor.

Excision: This is an operation to remove the cancerous tumor and few other health related tissues, named as margin.

Lymph node dissection: Neck dissection or lymph node dissection is done if the surgeon suspects’ cancer has spread to other parts, too; the surgeon then removes the lymph nodes in the neck. This is done at the same time, while excision.

Plastic Surgery: If cancer surgery needs major tissue removal, like removing the pharynx, skin, jaw or tongue, then plastic or reconstructive surgery is performed.

Surgery depends on the location, stage and type of cancer. Depending on it, some people need more than one operation to recover. While it is sometimes impossible to remove cancer completely from a specific part, additional treatments are necessary to perform.

For example, surgery will be followed by chemotherapy, radiation therapy or sometimes both therapists to destroy cancer cells if not removed during surgery.

Benefits of Head and Neck Surgery

There are major benefits of head and neck surgery, including a better lifestyle after the surgery and, even in some cases, may lead to saving their lives. As in any surgery, there is an equal chance of not obtaining the desired results.

Better lifestyle

The surgery can give a person a better lifestyle, the far better that they were used to living before surgery. It may result in lowering the mental trauma of the individual.

Save from death

Sometimes these surgeries are life-saving. It becomes important for the individual to get this life-saving surgery when they are at the last stages of their diseases.

Side Effects of Head and Neck Surgery

The side effects of head and neck surgery depend upon the type of surgery you have performed. The side effects of Head and Neck Surgery vary from minor to major. The patient must be aware of the side effects that they might or might not face after the surgery. Some of the common side effects include:

Temporary or Permanent Loss of Voice

Temporary or Permanent Loss of Voice sometimes happens. Hoarseness is the term for temporary or permanent loss of voice, which usually happens after surgery. There could be various reasons for that to occur.

Hearing Loss

Hearing loss is also a common side effect of head and neck surgery. Changes in blood volume and osmolarity during surgery may lead to the loss of hearing in individuals.

Difficulty in Chewing and Swallowing

Individuals regularly experience issues biting or gulping after cancer surgery, which might require a cylinder embedded in the stomach for feeding purposes.


It is a condition that often happens to people after the surgery, in which after the lymph nodes are eliminated, there might be solidness in the shoulders a short time later. This solidness is due to lymphedema. After a complete laryngectomy, which is the expulsion of the larynx, individuals might have diminished thyroid organ work that should be overseen, for example, by taking thyroid chemical drugs.

Major Side effects includes

Breathing Problem-

It is another severe side effect of head and neck surgery that can happen to anyone. Swelling in the area of the mouth and throat developed further, leading to breathing problems. In this case, patients might get a transitory tracheostomy, which makes an opening in the windpipe to make breathing simpler.

Facial Disorientation

Some people face the problem of physical discrimination after the surgery as they don’t look like common human beings. Facial Disorientation could also lead to the following problems in a person chew, swallow and breathe.

Patients should meet with various individuals from the medical services group to assist them with settling on choices about their therapy and comprehend the recovery procedure. Projects that assist patients with acclimating to changes in self-perception might be helpful both prior and then afterwards the medical procedure. Talking with your primary care physician concerning what’s in store and how recovery will be taken care of can help you adapt.

Before medical surgery, talk with your medical services group about the conceivable side effects from the particular medical procedure you will have. Study the essentials of disease medical procedure.

When to Consult a Doctor? 

This analysis is stressful, and for certain individuals, the progressing disease is hard to examine. Nonetheless, have transparent discussions with your medical services group to communicate your sentiments, inclinations, and concerns. If you are concerned about your state of disease, you should consult your doctor straight away. It is always suggestible to consult your doctor when the problem starts impacting your lifestyle and body. The people at the last stage of their disease shouldn’t get stressed and seek advice from their doctor. Be careful while talking to your doctor. You should always disclose all the symptoms that you are facing, not a single one you should miss out on as it will cause harm to your health.

Why Choose SHL for Head and Neck Surgery in India? 

SHL is a specialized healthcare system in India that brings expertise, care and technology together to give you the best solutions to your head and neck surgical problems. The advanced facilities with excellent diagnosis at an affordable cost in India make SHL a leader in the healthcare system. SHL has an expert surgeon with an experience of more than 10 years. With advanced surgical techniques, price is not something you have to think of as we offer very reasonable prices to our customers. So choosing SHL over others is a wise decision especially when it comes to major surgery like head and neck.


  1. What are the most common head and neck cancers in India? 

Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type of head and neck cancer. This kind of cancer starts in the level squamous cells that make up the slight layer of tissue on the outer layer of the constructions in the head and neck. It is found by studies that out of 10, around 9 head and neck cancers start from squamous cells.

  1. How Long Do Side Effects Las t? 

The time for which the side effects of the head and neck surgery last in the individual is not permanent. It depends from Individual to Individual. According to studies, it can last from one month to one year in certain cases. Although the quality of lifestyle also matters when it comes to answering the question of how long side effects last surgery? If you live a good healthy lifestyle, you may see an improvement in less than a month, or it will continue to destroy you. These side effects might influence patients’ ability to do regular work. However, common side effects like nausea and fatigue are more temporary and go away very easily.

  1. How is Head and Neck Cancer Treated ? 

Head and Neck Cancer can be treated by different methods depending upon your stage of Cancer. It could be surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy or targeted therapy. Surgery is the first-line treatment; Therapy needs arise if the Cancer becomes much more advanced.

Radiation treatment is the utilization of high-energy x-beams or different particles to destroy cancer cells.

Chemotherapy is the utilization of medications to eradicate cancer cells, for the most part by holding the disease cells back from developing, isolating, and making more cells.

Targeted therapy is a solution that targets cancer’s specific genes, proteins, or the tissue climate that adds to disease development and endurance.

  1. How important are Follow-up appointments? 

It is important to follow up after the treatment. Get your Cancer scanned, get blood tests and routine checkups after the treatment to see if there’s further growth in it. The probability of recurring head and neck cancer is one to two years.

  1. Can Surgery Treat Head and Neck Cancer?

 Head and neck cancer can be successfully treated with surgery if it’s diagnosed at early stages. It is not always possible to recover from head and neck cancer through surgery. Therefore at this advanced stage, cancer is treated by other methods that include therapies.

  1. Is ENT the same as Head and Neck? 

An otolaryngologist is an ENT specialist, i.e., ear, nose, and throat, and a head and neck surgeon who treats head and neck disorders and diseases in both ways, either surgically or medically.

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