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Pediatric Surgery In Delhi

What is Pediatric Surgery?

Pediatric surgery incorporates the surgeries performed on infants, adolescents, and even unborn babies. It helps treat young children with congenital and acquired abnormalities and prevents defects at birth.

Some infants are born with abnormalities from birth, and surgery is necessary for their better future. Pregnant ladies are also often examined, followed by the examination of the fetuses. Common surgical problems in society can also be diagnosed with pediatric surgery for children, adolescents, and young adults. These anomalies may be neoplastic, traumatic, inflammatory, or developmental. 

Who does pediatric surgery?

Well-trained pediatric surgeons do pediatric surgery. Unlike general surgeons, pediatric surgeons require extensive training in the field. Becoming a pediatric surgeon is not an easy task. Pediatric surgery is a sensitive and delicate field that deals with children. The surgeons must be able to understand child behaviour and communicate with them to make them feel comfortable. A pediatric surgeon education involves five full years of medical schooling and two years of the pediatric surgery fellowship program and must also be certified in generalized surgery. There are also different types of pediatric surgeons that specialize in a variety of areas.

Pediatric urologists

These surgeons specialize in treating diseases and malfunctions in the genital-urinary tract.

Pediatric orthopaedic surgeons

They look into diseases related to the muscles, bones, and any growth deformities.

Pediatric ophthalmologists

Problems concerning the eyes such as near and farsightedness and laziness require ophthalmologists for treatment.

Pediatric plastic surgeons

Pediatric plastic surgeons treat congenital deformities.

Pediatric otorhinolaryngologists

Surgeries in the ear, neck, throat, nose, skull base and head need pediatric otorhinolaryngologists.

Pediatric neurosurgeons

Spinal cord problems, problems concerning the skull, brain tumours, and spasticity require pediatric neurosurgeons.

Why do you need pediatric surgery?

Pediatric surgeries help cure tumours and other fatal diseases in children. We can prevent birth deformities and other congenital disorders by these surgeries, which leads to better growth of the child without putting them into a state of being viewed differently or teased. Pediatric surgery is therefore vital for the health of children to develop a healthy society. The conditions which imply the need for pediatric surgeries are listed below.

Pectus excavatum

Pectus excavatum is a deformity of the thoracic wall of the chest, and it is due to the disorganized shape of the sternum or the rib cage.

It makes the chest appear as if it is sunken, and it may also interrupt cardiac and respiratory activities.


The abnormal multiplication of the cells that grow and form a mass of ingrown cells is called a tumour.

Tumours that occur in childhood like neuroblastoma, liver and kidney tumours require pediatric surgery. The different types of tumours are as follows.

  • Wilms’ tumour
  • ATRT- Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumour
  • Liver tumours
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma
  • Kidney tumours
  • Teratomas

Congenital malformations

Congenital malformities are nothing but deformities or abnormalities that occur at the time of birth. The deformities may either be the deformation of the body shape or other internal defects called functional deformities. The different types of congenital disorders are listed below.

  • Cleft lip- This defect by birth and results when the tissues are not joint properly during the development process, and for children with the disease, the upper portion of the upper lip extends up to the nose. These may often result in other infections like feeding issues, speech issues, and hearing problems.
  • Oesophagal atresia- This is a genetic defect that affects the oesophagus. The oesophagus is disconnected from the stomach and forms a pouch.
  • Lymphangioma- This is a genetic disorder that results from the malformations of the lymphatic system.
  • Pyloric Stenosis- This results from deformities in the stomach of the infant.
  • Congenital megacolon – The disease occurs when the intestine is short of some nerves, and the ailment results in constipation. It is also known as Hirschsprung’s disease. The symptoms of the disease include constipation, pain in the abdomen, diarrhoea, and limited growth.
  • Anorectal malformations- This occurs due to the deformation of the spectrum.
  • Cryptorchidism- This disorder occurs when either one or both the testes are not present in the scrotum.
  • Intestinal malrotation- This occurs when the midgut in the infant rotates.
  • Necrotizing enterocolitis- This is an intestinal defect in infants. 

Conjoined twins

Pediatric surgeries are necessary for separating identical twins born attached. This operation is vital for the future of both children. 

Defects in the abdominal wall

These defects are of three types as follows.

  • Omphalocele- This occurs when abdominal viscera like the liver or stomach are present in the umbilical cord.
  • Hernias- Hernias occur when an organ or tissue forces itself into an opening inside the body. There are three types of hernias.

Inguinal hernias

Umbilical hernias

Epigastric hernias

  • Gastroschisis- This occurs when the intestines extend beyond the abdomen. 

Types of pediatric surgery

There are a variety of methods to diagnose and treat different disorders.

Minor or minimally invasive surgery

This type of surgery is a minor one that requires minimal cutting and results in less pain. Patients who underwent surgery need not spend much time in the hospital, and also the healing time is faster. These surgeries are applicable for the removal of tumours, laparoscopy, and thoracoscopy. These surgeries include the following.

  • Hernia surgeries are needed to get rid of hernia problems in children.
  • Organization of the bone and correcting bone fractures.
  • Examination of cells of growth.
  • Removal of skin scrapes.

Major surgeries

Major surgeries are severe and are more complex issues that involve deep examinations and are longer. These involve the surgeries abdominal surgery, neck, head, and chest. These may take a long time to heal, and patients might need to spend some days in the hospital under intensive care. Major surgery may include the following.

  • The disorganization of bone.
  • Organ transplantation
  • Congenital heart diseases.
  • Intestinal malformations.
  • Issues concerning the spinal cord.
  • Fetal, Newborn, and Critical Care Pediatric surgery- These surgeries help to be aware of the baby’s condition even before they are born. If the fetus is abnormal, the issue is recognized and treated for a healthy delivery of the baby.
  • Treatment of brain tumours.

Required surgery

These surgeries are vital for the better life of children. If they are born with congenital diseases and deformities, it is necessary to get them operated on to lead their lives like every human around them.

Elective surgery

These surgeries are not that important. It is optional and done if the parents wish for it. 

Emergency surgery

These types of surgery need to be done immediately without any delay. These surgeries are necessary in case of fatal diseases that are harmful to the life of the child.

Benefits of pediatric surgery

A child in need of pediatric surgery should undergo one for a merrier and problem-free life. Pediatric surgery comes with many advantages.

Long life

Treating fatal diseases with pediatric surgery increases the life expectancy of the child, making them live longer.

Improvements in the medical conditions

After the surgery, there will be a vast improvement in the medical health of the child. The number of medicine consumption will also reduce. 

Prevention from getting bullied or ridiculed

The children with physical abnormalities are often ridiculed in schools or colleges as they grow. Diagnosing abnormalities earlier will help avoid such situations and lead a life like a regular individual.

Fewer problems during delivery.

Detecting problems in the fetus and treating them will result in the birth of a normal and healthy baby.

Healthy society

The implantation of pediatric surgeries in children requiring them will lead to a healthy society in the future.  

Risks involved in pediatric surgery

Like a coin with two sides, pediatric surgery also includes some risks. 


Anaesthesia is necessary for any surgery, whether for a child or an adult. One of the dominant risks of pediatric surgery is anaesthesia complications. These complications involve respiratory problems, medication faults, pain, and nausea.

Occurrence of scars

Surgery leaves scars on the body, and some of them look too unpleasant and unappealing. So scarring is another risk involved in pediatric surgeries.


Bleeding is common and occurs with every surgery. Most surgeries like circumcision result in a small amount of bleeding. But major surgeries have the risk of excessive bleeding.

The risk of occurring again

Some diseases like hernia and cysts can reoccur again even after surgery. Hernias have a 0.8 percent recurrence rate, and cysts have a 33 per cent recurrence rate.

Obstruction in the bowel

Scaring occurring during intestinal surgery can lead to bowel obstructions in the future.

Why choose SHL for pediatric surgeries in India?

SHL, the reliable medical service provided in India offers the best services for pediatric treatments. Your search ends here if you are hunting for specialized treatments and the best diagnostic procedures. 

In SHL, well-trained specialists with immense knowledge and more than ten years of experience are available for the surgeries. They are well aware of how to engage and communicate with young patients and analyze their behaviours. SHL constitutes premium and high-quality surgical procedures at reasonable prices with the finest pediatric surgeons in India. It has provision for personal care assistants who will assist throughout every step of the medical procedures. These personal assistants will aid you even after the completion of the surgery. They will also give you relevant guides and dietary tips for faster recovery.


  • Why is pediatric surgery necessary?

Pediatric surgery is different from regular surgery, and pediatric surgeons do it for children with congenital diseases and abnormalities and help prevent defects by birth.

  • How are pediatric surgeons different from general surgeons?

Pediatric surgeons specialize in pediatric training after certification in general surgery, and although the surgical procedures are similar, they are not the same in adults and children. Performing surgery on children requires more concern, knowledge, and training.

  • What are the most common types of pediatric surgeries?

The most common pediatric surgeries are as follows.

  • Appendectomy
  • inguinal hernia repair
  • umbilical hernia repair
  • orchiopexy
  • gastrostomy tube
  • and cholecystectomy.


  • Will anaesthesia be used during the surgeries?

Yes, all patients will be given anaesthesia before performing any surgical operation. Anaesthesia helps children from not feeling any pain during the surgery.

  • How long does it take for a person to become a pediatric surgeon?

Becoming a pediatric surgeon is not that easy. It requires nearly 13 years of learning and training to become a certified and licensed pediatric surgeon.

  • What are the different types of pediatric surgeons present?

Pediatric orthopaedic surgeons, ENT specialists, pediatric plastic surgeons, pediatric ophthalmologists, pediatric orthopaedic surgeons, pediatric urologists, and pediatric neurosurgeons are the different types of pediatric surgeons.

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