General Gastrointestinal Surgery In Delhi
What Is General Gastrointestinal Surgery?
A bunch of hollow organs including the small and large intestine, stomach, mouth, esophagus make the GI tract. And in severe cases, GI tract disorder is treated with some specific surgical techniques. These particular surgical techniques are called Gastrointestinal Surgery. Both upper and lower GI tract along with the pancreas, liver, and gallbladder are treated through Gastrointestinal Surgery to restore the digestion power of your body.
In simple terms, experienced surgeons perform major operations to treat the noncancerous disorders in the digestive tract and these surgical processes are called Gastrointestinal Surgery. While patients suffer from noncancerous tumours in the duodenum, stomach, pancreas, and also in bile ducts, this type of less invasive surgery becomes vital to save their life.
How Gastrointestinal Surgery Is Done or Administrated?
Gastrointestinal Surgery is such a procedure, which can be executed in two ways – Open surgery and Less Invasive surgery. In the first cases, surgeons opt for a large cut to remove the tumour. And in the second case, surgeons apply the laparoscopic procedure to insert specific surgical instruments and micro-camera into the affected area of the digestive tract or GI tract. In the 2nd procedure, doctors generally operate with smaller cuts. So, the patients have to experience less blood loss, less pain and they also return home within less time than open surgery. As well as, the pain of the patients can heal faster also through less invasive surgery.
Common Types of Gastrointestinal Surgical Procedures?
Here is the full list, which contains different types of laparoscopic procedures for the treatment of infected GI tract or digestive tract.
The adrenal glands exist on the upper part of the kidneys. And these glands produce essential hormones to boost the body’s immune system, regulate the metabolism rate, control blood pressure level, as well blood sugar level and these hormones also maintain the balance of body functions. A patient having abnormal growth in these adrenal glands faces severe disorders in body functions. So, Gastrointestinal Surgery removes the extra growth of adrenal glands. After Adrenalectomy, the symptoms of the tumour growth are cured. As well as the issues of hormone overproduction are cured after this Gastrointestinal Surgery.
At the end of the large intestine, a finger-shaped pouch grows and it creates major disorders in body functions. This growth on the large intestine part is called the appendix. Due to infection and abnormal growth in the appendix patients can face life risks And the disease, which is caused by appendix growth is called Appendicitis. Appendectomy is one kind of major Gastrointestinal Surgery. Through this surgical method, doctors remove an appendix from the body and prevent any kind of medical emergency, which can be life-threatening due to a burst of the appendix.
Considering the growth of the appendix, doctors decide if they opt for an open appendectomy or laparoscopic appendectomy.
# Bariatric Surgery
The particular surgical procedure, which is required to resolve weight-loss problems and to bypass gastric problems, is called Bariatric surgery. This kind of Gastrointestinal Surgery is such a procedure, which is executed to bring major changes in the whole digestive system. While both exercise and diet can not control excessive weight, doctors recommend Bariatric surgery to reduce the nutrient-absorption level of the body. And this surgical method is essential while patients go through life-threatening obesity problems.
Sitting on the upper right side of the abdomen, the gallbladder can be affected by solid material lumps like gallstones. As well as due to cholecystitis, the gallbladder can cause severe pain. Patients feel acute pain after a heavy meal in the gallbladder due to functional disorders caused by lack of bile production. In these cases, doctors opt for two surgical methods – one is the traditional open method through which doctors create a large incision to find the gallbladder and remove it from the body. Another method scopes doctors to create several tiny incisions and insert a laparoscope with an attached micro video camera along with microsurgical instruments. And following this second method, doctors remove the affected gallbladder through the major incision.
# Colorectal Surgery
This particular surgery deals with severe disorders of the colon, rectum, and anus.
# Foregut Surgery
While patients come with severe GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease), Esophageal diverticula, Esophageal cancer, doctors need to eliminate the disorders in the connecting tube, which exists from mouth to stomach. So, Foregut Surgery treats the disorders in the upper portion of the GI tract.
What Is Open Gastrointestinal Surgical Procedures
In the severe cases of abdominal disorders, adrenal gland dysfunction, advanced growth of the appendix, GERD doctors can not get the scope to manage the removal of affected or infected parts from the body through the less invasive incision. In these cases, the surgeons need to depend on open surgery to separate the infected part of the GI tract from the body. And the procedure of open Gastrointestinal surgery is more painful and time-consuming than less invasive surgery.
What Are The Risks or Side Effects of Gastrointestinal Surgical?
With major surgery, patients can experience several critical risk factors or side effects. Gastrointestinal surgery also has some side effects. The following points describe the complications after this surgery, which become reasons of concern for the patients.
Though surgeons take proper care during Gastrointestinal surgery including sterilization and cleaning in the operation table, according to the level of immunity power, patients can experience post-surgery infections.
Depending on the severity of the Gastrointestinal surgery, patients can experience frequent pain at their recovery phases.
- Bleeding & Blood Clots
In some individual Gastrointestinal surgery cases, patients can experience continued bleeding from the surgical cuts and this type of complexity makes the healing process slower. Sometimes blood clots in the area where surgery is done can block the functions of blood vessels. And these critical side effects affect the patient’s brain, heart, and lungs.
- Side Effects of Anesthesia
Many patients need time to get back to normal body balance after Gastrointestinal surgery and they suffer some critical conditions like vomiting and nausea.
How Long Does It Take To Recover From Gastrointestinal Surgery?
After Gastrointestinal Surgery the patient’s recovery partially depends on the immunity and healing stamina of their body. Though the recovery time can vary for the individual patients, generally within 6 weeks the patients start to heel the surgical pain and sensitivity in the surgery area. And in the open surgery of abdominal incision cases, within one or two months patients can get back to normal life after surgery.
Latest Advances in General Gastrointestinal Surgery?
In terms of advancements in Gastrointestinal Surgery, doctors have the latest technology to monitor the patient’s affected area, as well as the whole surgical conditions. The computer-assisted surgery techniques ensure 100% safety of the patients during Gastrointestinal Surgery. And all these techniques reduce the chances of surgical errors for safe surgery.
What To Expect Before, During and After Gastrointestinal Surgery
Before Gastrointestinal Surgery, doctors prefer a detailed assessment of both the psychological, as well as physical conditions of patients. The surgeons must give priority to the detailed check-up of the patients. As they can fix the risk factors before starting Gastrointestinal Surgery and can neutralize the morbidity factors for individual patients. Based on this type of assessment the surgeons can take crucial decisions during operations and can save the patients from sudden heart failure or diabetes risk factors. Besides, in terms of proper diet before this type of surgery, doctors always recommend the patients to intake low-fat food, to reduce pressure levels on their liver before surgery.
The coordination between surgeons and anaesthesiologists is highly significant to execute a successful and side-effect-free Gastrointestinal Surgery. Some routine test results including blood count, the concentration level of sodium, potassium, and creatinine are also considered as a mandatory step of surgery.
- In the cases of Gastrointestinal Surgery, doctors always recommend complete rest to avoid any strain on abdominal muscles. As well as the patients are not allowed to do sit-ups, weight lifting, or push-ups for up to 6 weeks.
- Doctors allow the patients to take showers after 48 hours of Gastrointestinal Surgery. But patients should avoid rubbing around the incisions with any washcloth. Besides, doctors do not allow tub baths or swimming after this type of operation.
Can Any Surgeon Perform Gastrointestinal Surgery?
A general surgeon, who has proficient knowledge about nine basic areas including the abdominal structure and its content, breasts, soft tissues and skin, head, neck, blood vessels, hormone glands can perform Gastrointestinal Surgery.
Is It Safe To Perform Gastrointestinal Surgery on Diabetic Patients?
Diabetic patients have major difficulties in going through Gastrointestinal Surgery. These patients cannot heal wounds and possible infections. But special care and monitoring can neutralize these risk factors. But specific Gastrointestinal Surgery like Gastric Bypass produces a specific molecule named GLUT-1 and it prepares the human body to use glucose properly. So, this type of surgery reduces the risk of Type-2 diabetes.
What Are The Post Gastrointestinal Surgery Precautions?
After Gastrointestinal Surgery, you need to allow the tissues of the incision area to heal properly. So, you should avoid excessive bending till your surgery scars and sensitivity are completely cured.