Gynaecological Surgery In Delhi
What Is Gynaecological Surgery?
The major dysfunctions in the genital tract of females and ureteral injury or infection are treated through Gynaecological surgery. The Gynaecologists treat the severe health issues of the reproductive system of females with the application of Gynaecological surgery.
Here, you will know the different medical conditions of the female reproductive system and genital tract and how Gynaecologists treat those critical issues.
How Is Gynaecological Surgery Done or Administrated?
Gynaecologists perform a different kind of less invasive surgery to evaluate the growth of any cancerous cells or to treat a wide range of gynecologic issues like heavy bleeding during menstruation, irregular menstruation, endometriosis, pelvic disorders, etc. For individual gynecologic issues, the Gynaecologists execute Laparoscopic advanced surgery, Hysteroscopic surgery, vaginal surgery, etc.
Through Myomectomy, surgeons remove uterine fibroids, and the techniques of this type of surgery depend on the size and location of the fibroids. This procedure does not prevent fertility as the uterus is not removed.
A full hysterectomy removes the whole uterus to cure heavy bleeding. And Supra-cervical Hysterectomy only removes the top layer of the uterus.
Common Types of Gynaecological Surgical Procedures?
While women face any severe blockage to start the normal journey of pregnancy, Gynaecologists find out the cause of infertility. Sometimes scar tissues in the reproductive system can interfere in women’s fertility process. So, to eliminate this blockage of pregnancy, Gynaecologists need to execute a surgical procedure in the reproductive system.
This is such a procedure through which doctors examine the internal part of the uterus and also the cervix. The whole process allows a thin, lightweight telescopic tube into the female vagina to execute the examination process. This diagnostic procedure is the essential step to sort out the internal problems in the female uterus. This hysteroscope tube represents the clear view of the female’s uterus on the bigger screen to the physicians. So, the process is called hysteroscopy.
In both hospital or gynaecologist’s chambers, hysteroscopy can be performed. The female patients have to go through general anesthesia. The core procedure of hysteroscopy is passing the saline solution through a hysteroscope inside the uterus. The saline fluid expands the uterus, as the Gynaecologists can get a clear image of the uterus.
A hysteroscopy is an effective diagnostic tool, which is used to:
- To check the uterus condition for the treatment of heavy bleeding or Endometrial.
- For the best treatment of fibroids or Myomectomy, this diagnostic-centric surgery is essential.
Overall, it is one kind of minor incision that allows the doctor to look at the uterine cavity to treat major problems.
A laparoscope is a next-gen tool containing a fibre-optic-based tube integrated with a micro-type video camera in its endpoint. The expert Gynaecologists make a tiny hole around the belly button to insert the laparoscope to get a clear view of the women’s uterus. As per the conditions, the Gynaecologists create several tiny incisions to use other additional tools. The small tube of the laparoscope is called a cannula, which fills your abdomen with Co2 gas. And the presence of carbon gas presents a clear view of the patient’s abdominal organs to the doctors. Therefore, Laparoscopy is such a surgery, which allows the doctors to check both abdominal issues and women’s reproductive system-related problems. As one type of invasive surgery, during Laparoscopy, patients need to stay in the hospital for a short time, as it ensures less pain, thin scars, and faster recovery.
With this surgical procedure, the Gynaecologists create an incision throughout the vaginal canal to access the pelvic tissues of the vagina and to restructure the weakened pelvic surface to prevent prolapse.
It is an intensive testing procedure to detect cervical cancer. This distinct diagnosis-centric procedure presents a close look of your cervix to the doctors and nurses through the opening of your uterus. And the whole process ensures microscopic observation of abnormal cells of your cervix.
What Are The Risks And /or Side Effects of Gynecological Surgery?
Like any other major surgery, Gynaecological surgeries also have crucial risk factors, complicating a patient’s health conditions. The type of side effects or complications of Gynecological surgery depends on the type of procedure. Here are some complications, which can affect the recovery of a patient after Gynecological surgery:
- In the cases of hysterectomy, patients can get a severe injury in organs, blood vessels, and sensitive nerves, and it causes major bleeding. People generally experience no immediate bleeding or little bleeding after Gynaecological surgery. Almost after 10 days, patients experience the sudden flow of old blood and need to immediately take the doctor’s suggestion.
- Little damage on the uterine wall during surgery can cause bleeding as a symptom of Gynecological surgery.
- Sometimes the growing chances of infection in the urinary tract can cause huge complications after Gynecological surgery.
- While a patient goes through the recovery phase after any type of Gynecological surgery, they can experience acute pain during sexual intercourse.
- Sometimes, the patients can feel acute belly pain and pressure in the abdomen after gynecological surgery.
What Are The Latest Advancements in Gynaecological Surgery?
There have been plenty of advancements in Gynaecological surgery in recent times.
- In cases of Menorrhagia, which causes heavy period bleeding, it can be treated through hysterectomy. This major surgery includes proper medications and less invasive options like placing a device in the womb for releasing progesterone and endometrial application during hysterectomy. All these advancements treat most women properly, and they can get rid of heavy bleeding problems.
- Advance hormone therapy to release gonadotrophin or application of embolization in the uterine arteries can resolve the problems of large uterine fibroids.
What To Expect Before, During and After Gynaecological Surgery
Generally, before the Gynaecological surgery, all the reports of the blood test, sugar test, cardiology related test are considered, as well as checked by the Gynaecologists. They prescribe the best medications as per the case history of the patients. And the patients are not allowed to eat after midnight before the date of the surgery, as they need to clear bowel fluids until 6 hours before starting the surgery.
During Gynaecological surgery, patients need to go through local or in-depth level anesthesia according to the type of surgery.
In the postoperative phase of Gynaecological surgery, doctors recommend the patients use sanitary pads instead of tampons. And doctors strictly prohibit sexual intercourse till the complete healing of vaginal tissues during the recovery phase.
What Surgeries Do Gynecologists Perform?
Expert Gynecologists perform a wide range of surgeries to treat women’s abdominal, genital and reproductive system-related disorders. Here is a list of types of surgeries performed by Gynecologists.
- Pelvic Laparoscopy
- LEEP Procedure
- Cervical Cryosurgery
- Endometrial or Uterine Biopsy
- Dilation and Curettage
Can Any Surgeon Perform Gynecological Surgery?
No, the surgeons who have profound knowledge about the anatomy of the female genital tract and the reproductive system can apply the required techniques during major Gynecological surgeries like hysterectomies for the essential treatment of infertility and removal of painful fibroids. So, skill is highly important for any Gynaecological surgery.
How Many Days Does It Take To Recover After Gynecological Surgery?
The duration of the recovery phase in gynecological surgery depends on its type – major Gynecological surgery and minor Gynecological surgery.
In the cases of small incision-based diagnoses based on Gynecological surgery, you will be able to work within 1 week, as per your physical stamina. And other major Gynecological surgery like hysterectomy, doctors recommend 4 to 6 weeks complete rest for your best recovery.
Is It Safe To Perform Gynecological Surgery On Diabetic Patients?
Safety is an essential issue, which Gynecologists need to take care of at first during any kind of gynecological surgery. The professional liability of Gynecologists and availability of contemporary equipment for the specific gynecological surgery ensures the utmost level of safety for the women. Quality of care during gynecological surgery is challenging because these types of surgery require high-end technological advancement and also the proper checking of a patient’s medical history before the operations. Therefore, the patients should go to a reliable and reputed healthcare center, where expert and experienced Gynecologists supervise the technological issues in Laparoscopy, reconstructive surgery, D&C, etc.
Now, while the matter of Gynecological surgery is related to diabetic patients, then extra care and precautions should be taken because the risk factors of gynecological surgery elevate the hypermetabolic stress level among diabetic patients and have to go through the risks of preoperative catabolic state and electrolyte derangements.
Before undergoing any gynecological surgery, an experienced gynecologist should consult the general physician of the diabetic patients and also take special care about anesthesia consultation because these factors play a vital role in optimizing the glycemic control system. As well as the whole medical team needs to coordinate to check several medical comorbidities, as well as the diabetic patient’s diet. Thus an expert Gynecologist ensures the predominant euglycemic state in the several weeks before gynecological surgery.
What Are The Post-Gynecological Surgery Precautions?
# Activity After Gynecologic Surgery
Due to general anesthesia, it’s normal to feel tired for one or two days after surgery. If you have gone through major gynecological surgery, then rest is vital for a quick, complete recovery. After gynecological surgery, some activities, including slow walking or stair climbing, are good for patients. This type of slow-motion activity prevents different post-gynecological surgery complications such as gas pains, blood clots, etc. But any type of heavy activity like exercise, sports, or housework after gynecological surgery.
# Refreshing Activities
As part of daily refreshment, taking a shower after gynecological surgery is allowed, but swimming and using the bathtub are highly restricted.
#Limitations of Lifting
Any kind of heavy object lifting is highly prohibited after any kind of gynecological surgery. After any major vaginal surgery and abdominal surgery, lifting heavy objects is entirely prohibited for up to six weeks as it affects the healing tissues. And in the cases of smaller incisions like Laparoscopy up to two weeks, patients are prohibited from lifting heavy objects.
# Limitations on Driving or Travel
In major gynecologic surgery cases, doctors do not allow patients to drive a car because they need to take narcotic medications to get rid of the pain. Patients may ride in cars, but they must avoid long trips by train, car, and flight.
# Restrictions On Sex
After all types of gynecological surgery, patients should be careful about the complete healing of their vagina. So, until the vaginal tissues are purely healed, they need to stay away from sexual intercourse. In the recovery phases of gynecological surgery, tampons, fingers, and douches can create a severe infection.
# Care of Digestive System
After gynecologic surgery, you will feel a good appetite. But you should take a small amount of food with frequent meals as you can avoid digestive problems. Because digestive problems cause vomiting, it is not good for the patients as they feel pressure on healing tissues.
What Is Minor Gynaecological Surgery?
Colposcopy is a minor Gynecological surgery. In this surgery, Gynecologists insert a surgical tool named a colposcope inside the vagina, cervix, and vulva. It is one kind of quick screening test to detect if any cancerous cell is growing in a patient’s cervix or not. In this particular minor surgery, the electric microscope, which is familiar as a Colposcope, sends bright light into the cervix, which is the entrance of the uterus, and the doctors check the cervical cells under in-depth magnification.
Can Gynecologists Do Surgery?
Yes, Gynecologists have in-depth knowledge about the anatomy of a female’s genital tract and reproductive systems. They are trained with contemporary methods and procedures of Gynecological surgery. Having proficient knowledge and experiences about the invasive techniques of gynecological surgery, the gynecologists help the females get rid of genital disorders or the dysfunctions of the reproductive system.
What Are The Most Common Female Surgery?
The major disorders in the genital parts or reproductive system or abdominal parts of females need gynecological surgery. Among several surgeries, tubal ligation is the most common surgery among the female.
# Tubal Ligation
To stop unwanted pregnancy, women need to go through this type of surgery. The Fallopian tubes exist from the ovaries to the uterus. The tubal ligation executes a sterilized method to block the fallopian tubes permanently. After having this particular surgery, women will ovulate, as well as menstruate. But as the sterilization method blocks the Fallopian tube, it can not allow egg and sperm to meet. Thus, the fertilization process can not occur. So, to avoid pregnancy, women need to go through this surgery.
This is such a medical procedure through which the Gynecologists ensure that the women can get rid of fatal ovarian as well as uterine cancers. Through this gynecological surgery, the doctors remove the uterus and several females’ reproductive systems, including fallopian tubes, cervix, etc., as per the severity of the medical conditions.